Postmodernist Theory of International Relations

A Bibliography

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Introduction

The following bibliography was compiled in 2001 for a seminar on the theory of international relations at the Otto Suhr Institute of Political Science (OSI) of the Free University of Berlin. The seminar was directed by Dr. Ingo Peters. The bibliography has been only slightly modified since then and reflects the discussion in the 1990s. The first part points you to summaries of the discussion around postmodernism in IR theory as well as a few critical articles. The second part collects contributions to the development of postmodernist/critical theory of international politics by the main authors. A couple of exchanges between authors on the merits of a postmodernist approach to international theory concludes the bibliography. Feel free to contact the author with questions, criticism, suggestions or errata.

Content

  1. Summaries/Criticism
  2. Authors
  3. Richard K. Ashley
  4. David Campbell
  5. Simon Dalby
  6. James Der Derian
  7. Jim George
  8. Bradley S. Klein
  9. Timothy W. Luke
  10. Michael J. Shapiro
  11. Rob B. J. Walker
  12. Debate/Collections

Summaries/Criticism

Ole Wæver, Beyond the 'Beyond' of Critical International Theory, Copenhagen: Centre for Peace and Conflict Research, Working Paper No. 1, 1989.

Ole Wæver, Tradition and Transgression in International Relations: a Post-Ashleyan Position, Copenhagen: Centre for Peace and Conflict Research, Working Paper No. 24, 1989.

Pauline Rosenau, "Internal Logic, External Absurdity: Post Modernism in Political Science," Paradigms, Vol. 4, No. 1 (Summer 1990), pp. 39-57.

Pauline Rosenau, "Once Again Into the Fray: International Relations Confronts the Humanities," Millennium, Vol. 19, No. 1 (1990), pp. 83-110.

Richard Falk, "Culture, Modernism, Postmodernism: A Challenge to International Relations," in: Jongsuk Chay (ed.), Culture and International Relations, New York, NY: Praeger, 1990, pp. 267-279.

Georg Sørensen, "A Revised Paradigm for International Relations: The 'Old' Images and the Postmodernist Challenge," Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 26 (1991), pp. 85-116.

Pauline Rosenau, "Modern and Post-Modern Science: Some Contrasts," Review, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Winter 1992), pp. 49-89.

Pauline Rosenau, Post-Modernism and the Social Sciences, Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1992.

Christopher Coker, "Post-Modernity and the End of the Cold War: Has War Been Disinvented?" Review of International Studies, Vol. 18 (1992), pp. 189-198.

Roger D. Spegele, "Richard Ashley's Discourse for International Relations," Millennium, Vol. 21, No. 2 (1992), pp. 147-182.

Sankaran Krishna, "The Importance of Being Ironic: A Postcolonial View on Critical International Relations Theory," Alternatives, Vol. 18 (1993), pp. 385-417.

Michael Albert, "'Postmoderne' und Theorie der Internationalen Beziehungen," Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen, Vol. 1, No. 1 (1994), pp. 45-63.

Michael Albert, "The Status of Ethics in Postmodern IR Theory: Traces of a Pure Performativity," Paradigms, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Summer 1994), pp. 87-105.

Chris Brown, "'Turtles All the Way Down': Anti-Foundationalism, Critical Theory, and International Relations," Millennium, Vol. 23, No. 2 (1994), pp. 213-236.

Tony Porter, "Postmodern Political Realism and International Relations Theory's Third Debate," in: Claire Turenne Sjolander, Wayne S. Cox (eds.), Beyond Positivism: Critical Reflections on International Relations, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994, pp. 105-128.

Roger D. Spegele, "Political Realism and the Remembrance of Relativism," Review of International Studies, Vol. 21 (1995), pp. 211-236.

Richard Devetak, "The Project of Modernity and International Theory," Millennium, Vol. 24, No. 1 (1995), pp. 27-51.

Richard Devetak, "Postmodernism," in: Scott Burchill, Andrew Linklater (eds.), Theories of International Relations, London: MacMillan, 1996, pp. 179-209.

Daniel Warner, "Levinas, Buber, and the Concept of Otherness in International Relations: A Reply to David Campbell," Millennium, Vol. 25, No. 1 (1996), pp. 111-128.

Necati Polat, "Poststructuralism, Absence, Mimesis: Making Difference, Reproducing Sovereignty," European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 4, No. 4 (1998), pp. 447-477.

Necati Polat, International Relations: Meaning and Mimesis, Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.


Authors

Richard K. Ashley

The Political Economy of War and Peace: The Sino-Soviet-American Triangle and the Modern Security Problematique, London: Francis Pinter, 1980.

"Political Realism and Human Interests," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2 (June 1981), pp. 204-236.

"The Eye of Power: The Politics of World Modeling," International Organization, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Summer 1983), pp. 495-535.

"Three Modes of Economism," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 4 (December 1983), pp. 463-496.

"The Poverty of Neorealism," International Organization, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Spring 1984), pp. 225-286.

"The Geopolitics of Geopolitical Space: Toward a Critical Social Theory of International Politics," Alternatives, Vol. 12, No. 4 (1987), pp. 403-434.

"Geopolitics, Supplementary, Criticism: A Reply to Professors Roy and Walker," Alternatives, Vol. 13, No. 1 (1988), pp. 88-102.

"Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique," Millennium, Vol. 17, No. 2 (1988), pp. 227-262.

"The Powers of Anarchy: Theory, Sovereignty, and the Domestication of Global Life (1988)," in: Der Derian (13), pp. 94-128.

"Living on Border Lines: Man, Poststructuralism, and War," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 259-321.

"Imposing International Purpose: Notes on a Problematic of Governance," in: Ernst-Otto Czempiel, James N. Rosenau (eds.), Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges: Approaches to World Politics for the 1990s, Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989, pp. 251-290.

with Robert B. J. Walker (eds.), "Speaking the Language of Exile: Dissidence in International Studies," special issue of International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 3 (September 1990).

with Robert B. J. Walker, "Introduction: Speaking the Language of Exile: Dissident Thought in International Studies," in: Ashley (12), pp. 259-268.

with Robert B. J. Walker, "Conclusion: Reading Dissidence, Writing the Discipline: Crisis and the Question of Sovereignty in International Studies," in: Ashley (12), pp. 367-416.

"The State of the Discipline: Realism Under Challenge?" in: Richard A. Higgott, J. L. Richardson (eds.), International Relations: Global and Australian Perspectives on an Evolving Discipline, Canberra: Australian National University, Department of International Relations, Research School of Pacific Studies, 1991, pp. 37-69.

"The Achievements of Poststructuralism," in: Steve Smith, Ken Booth, Marysia Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism & Beyond, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996, pp. 240-253.

David Campbell

"Recent Changes in Social Theory: Questions for International Relations," in: Richard A. Higgott (ed.), New Directions in International Relations? Australian Perspectives, Canberra: Australian National University, Department of International Relations, 1988, pp. 11-64.

"Global Inscription: How Foreign Policy Constitutes the United States," Alternatives, Vol. 15, No. 3 (Summer 1990), pp. 263-286.

"Security, Order, and Identity in Europe: A Commentary," Current Research on Peace and Violence, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1990/91), pp. 175-180.

with Jim George, "Patterns of Dissent and the Celebration of Difference: Critical Social Theory and International Relations," in: Ashley (12), pp. 269-293.

Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity, Manchester: Manchester UP, 1992.

with G. Michael Dillon (eds.), The Political Subject of Violence, Manchester: Manchester UP, 1993.

with G. Michael Dillon, "Introduction: The End of Philosophy and the End of International Relations," in: Campbell (6), pp. 1-47.

with G. Michael Dillon, "Postface: The Political and the Ethical," in: Campbell (6), pp. 161-178.

Politics Without Principle: Sovereignty, Ethics, and the Narratives of the Gulf War, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1993.

"Political Excess and the Limits of Imagination," Millennium, Vol. 23, No. 2 (1994), pp. 365-375.

"The Deterritorialization of Responsibility: Levinas, Derrida, and Ethics After the End of Philosophy," Alternatives, Vol. 19 (1994), pp. 455-484.

"Political Prosaics, Transversal Politics, and the Anarchical World," in: Shapiro (5), pp. 7-31.

"MetaBosnia: Narratives of the Bosnian War," Review of International Studies, Vol. 24 (1998), pp. 261-281.

"Why Fight: Humanitarianism, Principles, and Post-Structuralism," Millennium, Vol. 27, No. 3 (1998), pp. 497-521.

Simon Dalby

"Geopolitical Discourse: The Soviet Union As Other," Alternatives, Vol. 13, No. 4 (1988), pp. 415-442.

"American Security Discourse: The Persistence of Geopolitics," Political Geography Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 2 (April 1990), pp. 171-188.

"Dealignment Discourse: Thinking Beyond the Blocs," Current Research on Peace and Violence, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1990/91), pp. 140-154.

Rethinking Security: Ambiguities in Policy and Theory, Canberra: Australian National University, Peace Research Centre, Working Paper No. 105, 1991.

"Critical Geopolitics: Discourse, Difference, and Dissent," Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Vol. 9 (1991), pp. 261-283.

"Security, Modernity, Ecology: The Dilemmas of Post-Cold War Security Discourse," Alternatives, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Winter 1992), pp. 95-134.

"Ecological Metaphors of Security: World Politics in the Biosphere," Alternatives, Vol. 23, No. 3 (1998), pp. 291-320.

James Der Derian

"Mediating Estrangement: A Theory for Diplomacy," Review of International Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (1987), pp. 91-110.

On Diplomacy: A Genealogy of Western Estrangement, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

"Introducing Philosophical Traditions in International Relations," Millennium, Vol. 17, No. 2 (1988), pp. 189-193.

"Arms, Hostages, and the Importance of Shredding in Earnest: Reading the National Security Culture (II)," Social Text, No. 22 (1989), pp. 79-91.

with Michael J. Shapiro (eds.), International/Intertextual Relations: Postmodern Readings of World Politics, Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989.

"The Boundaries of Knowledge and Power in International Relations," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 3-10.

"Spy versus Spy: The Intertextual Power of International Intrigue," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 163-187.

"The Simulation Syndrome: From War Games to Game Wars," Social Text, No. 24 (1990), pp. 187-192.

"The (S)pace of International Relations: Simulation, Surveillance, and Speed," in: Ashley (12), pp. 295-310.

"S/N: International Theory, Balkanisation, and the New World Order," Millennium, Vol. 20, No. 3 (1991), pp. 485-506.

"The Terrorist Discourse: Signs, States, and Systems of Global Political Violence," in: Michael T. Klare, Daniel C. Thomas (eds.), World Security: Trends and Challenges at Century's End, New York, NY: St. Martin's, 1991, pp. 237-265.

Antidiplomacy: Spies, Terror, Speed, and War, Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.

"The Value of Security: Hobbes, Marx, Nietzsche, and Baudrillard," in: Campbell (6), pp. 94-113.

"The Pen, the Sword, and the Smart Bomb: Criticism in the Age of Video," Alternatives, Vol. 19 (1994), pp. 133-140.

(ed.), International Theory: Critical Investigations, London: MacMillan, 1995.

"Introduction: Critical Investigations," in: Der Derian (13), pp. 1-11.

"A Reinterpretation of Realism: Genealogy, Semiology, Dromology," in: Der Derian (13), pp. 363-396.

Jim George

"International Relations and the Positivist Empiricist Theory of Knowledge: Implications for the Australian Discipline,"in: Richard A. Higgott (ed.), New Directions in International Relations? Australian Perspectives, Canberra: Australian National University, Department of International Relations, 1988, pp. 65-142.

"International Relations and the Search for Thinking Space: Another View of the Third Debate," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 33 (1989), pp. 269-279.

with David Campbell [see Campbell (4)] in: Ashley (12), pp. 269-293.

with Richard A. Higgott, "Tradition and Change in the Study of International Relations in Australia," International Political Science Review, Vol. 11, No. 4 (1990), pp. 423-438.

"Some Thoughts on the Givenness of Everyday Life in Australian International Relations: Theory and Practice," Australian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 27 (1992), pp. 31-54.

"Of Incarceration and Closure: Neo-Realism and the New/Old World Order," Millennium, Vol. 22, No. 2 (1993), pp. 197-234.

Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re)Introduction to International Relations, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994.

"Realist 'Ethics', International Relations, and Post-Modernism: Thinking Beyond the Egoism-Anarchy Thematic," Millennium, Vol. 24, No. 2 (1995), pp. 195-223.

"Understanding International Relations After the Cold War: Probing Beyond the Realist Legacy," in: Shapiro (5), pp. 33-79.

Bradley S. Klein

Strategic Discourse and its Alternatives, New York, NY: Center on Violence and Human Survival, Occasional Paper No. 3, 1987.

"Hegemony and Strategic Culture: American Power Projection and Alliance Defence Politics," Review of International Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2 (1988), pp. 133-148.

"After Strategy: The Search for a Post-Modern Politics of Peace," Alternatives, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1988), pp. 293-318.

"The Textual Strategies of the Military: Or Have You Read Any Good Defense Manuals Lately?" in: Der Derian (5), pp. 97-112.

"How the West Was One: Representational Politics of NATO," in: Ashley (12), pp. 311-325.

Timothy W. Luke

"On Post-War: The Significance of Symbolic Action in War and Deterrence," Alternatives, Vol. 14, No. 3 (1989), pp. 343-362.

"'What's Wrong with Deterrence?' A Semiotic Interpretation of National Security Policy," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 207-229.

"The Discipline of Security Studies and the Codes of Containment: Learning From Kuwait," Alternatives, Vol. 16 (1991), pp. 315-344.

"Discourses of Disintegration, Texts of Transformation: Re-Reading Realism in the New World Order," Alternatives, Vol. 18 (1993), pp. 229-258.

"Liberal Society and Cyborg Subjectivity: The Politics of Environments, Bodies, and Nature," Alternatives, Vol. 21 (1996), pp. 1-30.

"The (Un)Wise (Ab)Use of Nature: Environmentalism as Globalized Consumerism," Alternatives, Vol. 23, No. 2 (1998), pp. 175-212.

Michael J. Shapiro

with James Der Derian (eds.), see Der Derian (5).

"Textualizing Global Politics," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 11-22.

"Representing World Politics: The Sports/War Intertext," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 69-96.

"Strategic Discourse/Discursive Strategy: The Representation of 'Security Policy' in the Video Age," in: Ashley (12), pp. 327-340.

"Sovereignty and Exchange in the Orders of Modernity," Alternatives, Vol. 16 (1991), pp. 447-477.

"That Obscure Object of Violence: Logistics and Desire in the Gulf War," in: Campbell (6), pp. 114-136.

with Hayward R. Alker (eds.), Challenging Boundaries: Global Flows, Territorial Identities, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

"Introduction," in: Shapiro (5), pp. Xv-xxiii (and chapter introductions).

"Warring Bodies and Bodies Politic: Tribal Warriors versus State Soldiers," in: Shapiro (5), pp. 455-480.

Rob B. J. Walker

Political Theory and the Transformation of World Politics, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, Center of International Studies, World Order Studies Programm, Occasional Paper No. 8, 1980.

"World Politics and Western Reason: Universalism, Pluralism, Hegemony," Alternatives, Vol. 7, No. 2 (1981), pp. 195-227.

"Contemporary Militarism and the Discourse of Dissent," Alternatives, Vol. 9, No. 4 (1983), pp. 303-322.

(ed.), Culture, Ideology, and World Order, Studies on a Just World Order No. 5, Boulder, CO: Westview, 1984.

"East Wind, West Wind: Civilizations, Hegemonies, and World Orders," in: Walker (4), pp. 2-22.

"The Territorial State and the Theme of Gulliver," International Journal, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Summer 1984), pp. 529-552.

"Culture, Discourse, Insecurity," Alternatives, Vol. 11, No. 4 (1986), pp. 485-504.

"Realism, Change, and International Political Theory," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. 1 (March 1987), pp. 65-86.

with Saul H. Mendlovitz (eds.), Towards a Just World Peace: Perspectives from Social Movements, London: Butterworths, 1987.

with Saul H. Mendlovitz, "Peace, Politics, and Contemporary Social Movements," in: Walker (8), pp. 3-12.

with Warren Magnusson, "De-Centering the State: Political Theory and Canadian Political Economy," Studies in Political Economy, No. 26 (Summer 1988), pp. 37-71.

"Genealogy, Geopolitics, and Political Community: Richard K. Ashley and the Critical Social Theory of International Politics," Alternatives, Vol. 13, No. 1 (1988), pp. 84-88.

State Sovereignty, Global Civilization, and the Rearticulation of Political Space, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, Center of International Studies, World Order Studies Programm, Occasional Paper No. 18, 1988.

One World, Many Worlds: Struggles for a Just World Peace, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1988.

"History and Structure in the Theory of International Relations," Millennium, Vol. 18, No. 2 (1989), pp. 163-183.

"The Prince and "the Pauper": Tradition, Modernity, and Practice in the Theory of International Relations," in: Der Derian (5), pp. 25-48.

"The Concept of Culture in the Theory of International Relations," in: Jongsuk Chay (ed.), Culture and International Relations, New York, NY: Praeger, 1990, pp. 3-17.

"Security, Sovereignty, and the Challenge of World Politics," Alternatives, Vol. 15, No. 1 (1990), pp. 3-27.

with Saul H. Mendlovitz (eds.), Contending Sovereignties: Redefining Political Community, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1990.

with Saul H. Mendlovitz, "Interrogating State Sovereignty," in: Walker (17), pp. 1-12.

"Sovereignty, Identity, Community: Reflections on the Horizons of Contemporary Political Practice," in: Walker (17), pp. 159-185.

with Richard K. Ashley (eds.), see: Ashley (12).

with Richard K. Ashley [see Ashley (12a)].

with Richard K. Ashley [see Ashley (12b)].

"Ethics, Modernity, and the Theory of International Relations," in: Richard A. Higgott, J. L. Richardson (eds.), International Relations: Global and Australian Perspectives on an Evolving Discipline, Canberra: Australian National University, Department of International Relations, Research School of Pacific Studies, 1991, pp. 128-162.

with Warren Magnusson, "Socialism and Monotheism: A Response to Jenson and Keyman," Studies in Political Economy, No. 34 (Spring 1991), pp. 235-239.

"On the Spatiotemporal Conditions of Democratic Practice," Alternatives, Vol. 16 (1991), pp. 243-262.

"State Sovereignty and the Articulation of Political Space/Time," Millennium, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Winter 1991), pp. 445-461.

"Pedagogies on the Edge: World Politics without "International Relations"," in: Lev S. Gondick, Edward Weisband (eds.), Teaching World Politics: Contending Pedagogies for a New World Order, Boulder, CO: ,1991, pp. 171-186.

"Gender and Critique in the Theory of International Relations," in: V. Spike Peterson (ed.), Gendered States: Feminist (Re)Visions of International Relations Theory, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1992, pp. 179-200.

"World Order and the Reconstitution of Political Life," in: Richard A. Falk, Robert C. Johanson, Samuel S. Kim (eds.), The Constitutional Foundations of World Peace, Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1993, pp. 191-209.

"Violence, Modernity, Silence: From Max Weber to International Relations," in: Campbell (6), pp. 137-160.

Inside/Outside: International Relations as Political Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993.

"On the Possibilities of World Order Discourse," Alternatives, Vol. 19 (1994), pp. 237-245.

"On Pedagogical Responsibility: A Response to Roy Jones," Review of International Studies, Vol. 20 (1994), pp. 313-322.

"Social Movements/World Politics," Millennium, Vol. 23, No. 3 (1994), pp. 669-700.

"International Relations and the Concept of the Political," in: Ken Booth, Steve Smith (eds.), International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995, pp. 306-327.

"Citizenship and the Modern Subject," in: Kimberly Hutchings, Roland Dannreuther (eds.), Cosmopolitan Citizenship, London: MacMillan, 1999.

"The Hierarchicalization of Political Community," Review of International Studies, Vol. 25 (1999), pp. 151-156.


Debate/Collections

Ashley (5) with criticism by Gilpin, Kratochwil, and Andrews in the same volume and a response by Waltz in Robert O. Keohane (ed.), Neorealism and its Critics, New York, NY: Columbia UP, 1986, pp. 322-345.

Ashley (6) with criticism by Walker (10) and Roy and a response by Ashley (7).

Pertti Joenniemi (ed.), "Discourse on Deterrence," special issue of Current Research on Peace and Violence, Vol. 12, No. 2 (1989), with contributions by Joenniemi, Gregory, Falk, Øberg, and Dillon.

Pertti Joenniemi (ed.), "Beyond the Blocs," special issue of Current Research on Peace and Violence, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1990/1991), with contributions by Dillon, Joenniemi, Dalby (3), Chalmers, and Campbell (3).

Ashley (12) with contributions by Ashley/Walker [see Ashley (12a) & (12b)], George/Campbell [see Campbell (4)], Der Derian (7), Klein (5), Shapiro (2), Chaloupka, and Weber.

Krishna with a response by Der Derian (12).

Justin Rosenberg, "The International Imagination: IR Theory and 'Classic Social Analysis'," Millennium, Vol. 23, No. 1 (1994), pp. 85-108, with criticism by Frost in the same number and Boyle, Campbell (8), Halliday, Neufeld, and Smith in the following number of the same volume.

Øyvind Østerud, "Antinomies of Postmodernism in International Studies," Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 33, No. 4 (1996), pp. 385-390, with criticism by Patomäki and Smith, and a response by Østerud in Vol. 34, No. 3 (1997), pp. 325-338 of the same journal.